Fossil Butte National Monument

Fossil Butte National Monument is a bit of a drive from Idaho Falls but with only 18,000 visitors a year, it won’t be crowded when you get there.

If I could be transported back 65 million years to stand in the very places I love to visit now, I would not recognize any of them. Vast inland seas and lakes filled much of the land. Mountains of today were mere foothills if they had begun to rise at all. The climate of some of our high deserts was humid, and the areas were covered not with sagebrush but tropical plants like palms. Even most of the animals from that bygone era were very different from what walks the earth today.

As difficult as it is to envision that distant past, last week my wife and I discovered a place that comes as close as any I have found in putting it into perspective. Fossil Butte National Monument in the southwest corner of Wyoming near Kemmerer, is that place.

Fossil Butte National Monument is relatively young as monuments go. It was created by an act of Congress in 1972 at the urging of local residents. That in itself is almost unique. It is much more common for monuments to be designated by presidents under authority of the Antiquities Act and equally uncommon for locals to be in favor of such a move. In this case though, residents understood the exceptional values that the monument would preserve and led the fight to create the 8,000-acre monument.

Fossil Butte itself is at the south end of the park but is about the center of ancient Fossil Lake. Here in the layers of the 200-foot-thick Green River Formation atop the butte lies a fossil aquarium. Inside the layers of this tan-colored rock which was once the sediments on the bottom of the lake, are billions of fish fossils and other fossils as well. Many of these are so well preserved that scales, skin and fine bones are still intact.

Another nearby layer, the reddish-hued Wasatch Formation, contains fossils of a different type. Here you can find plants, crocodiles, turtles and a variety of mammals from primitive horses to primates as well as the fish.

Between these two formations there are hundreds, perhaps thousands, of species of invertebrates, fish, reptiles, mammals and plants.

These fossil beds are rich in another way as well. Paleontologists are thrilled to find associations of plants and animals together as well as animals interacting. There are specimens of fish eating other fish, mating and even hatching. Plants and invertebrates are found with crocodiles, mammals and fish. This makes it possible to re-create, in part, what the ecosystem might have looked like at a given time and really gives life to this forgotten time.

Fossil Lake was the smallest of three Paleocene lakes in the area that persisted for several million years. Nonetheless, Fossil Lake was a large and mostly shallow lake with sediment beds that stretched for miles, far beyond the current monument boundary. A small change in water depth could flood or dry out huge playas creating areas for entrapment of the living and dead.

Fossil Butte National Monument is also a great place to see today’s wildlife. Hunting is not allowed in the Monument so big game find it a haven during the hunting season. We saw perhaps 800 elk on the slope of Fossil Butte, several large herds of pronghorn antelope and a handful of mule deer.

While it still may not be easy to get my head around 65 million years, the displays at the Fossil Butte NM visitor center offer a key to a history locked in stone for millions of years. If you would like to know more about what a visit to Fossil Butte is like, check out my blog post at

Wildlife License Plates

Idaho Wildlife license plates provide essential funding that benefits the great diversity of native plants and wildlife that are not hunted, fished or trapped—over 10,000 species or 98% of Idaho’s species diversity. Game species that share the same habitats (such as elk, deer, antelope, sage-grouse, salmon, trout) also benefit from these specialty plates.

No state tax dollars are provided for wildlife diversity, conservation education and recreation programs. Neither are any revenues from the sale of hunting or fishing licenses spent on nongame species. Instead, these species depend on direct donations, federal grants, fundraising initiatives—and the Idaho Wildlife license plates.

Both my vehicles have Bluebird Plates. I prefer the bluebird because the nongame program gets 70 percent of the money from bluebird plates, but only 60 percent of the money from elk and trout plates - 10 percent of the money from elk plates supports wildlife disease monitoring and testing programs (to benefit the livestock industry) and 10 percent from cutthroat plates supports non-motorized boat access.

Incidentally, in 2014, the Idaho Legislature denied the Department of Fish and Game the ability to add new plates or even to change the name of the elk and cutthroat plates (very specific) to wildlife and fish plates, a move that would have allowed for changing images occasionally and generating more revenue. It would seem that they believe that we Idahoans don't want a well funded wildlife program.

I think it is time we let the Legislature know that Idahoan support wildlife funding and that we would like to see these generic plates come to fruition.

"WOW. What a phenomenal piece you wrote. You are amazing." Jennifer Jackson

That is embarrassing, but actually a fairly typical response to my nature essays. Since The Best of Nature is created from the very best of 16 years of these nature essays published weekly in the Idaho Falls Post Register (online readership 70,000), it is a fine read. It covers a wide variety of topics including humorous glimpses of nature, philosophy, natural history, and conservation. Readers praise the style, breadth of subject matter and my ability to communicate complex and emotional topics in a relaxed and understandable manner.

Everyone can find something to love in this book. From teenagers to octogenarians, from the coffee shop to the school room, these nature essays are widely read and enjoyed.

Some of the essays here are my personal favorites, others seemed to strike a chord with readers. Most have an important message or lesson that will resonate with you. They are written with a goal to simultaneously entertain and educate about the wonderful workings of nature. Some will make you laugh out loud and others will bring a tear to the eye and warm your heart.

Readers Write:

"You hit a home run with your article on, Big Questions in Nature. It should be required reading for everyone who has lost touch with nature...great job!" Joe Chapman

"We enjoyed your column, Bloom Where Planted. Some of the best writing yet. The Post Register is fortunate to have your weekly columns." Lou Griffin.

To read more and to order a copy, click here or get the Kindle version 


Copies are also available at:

Post Register

Island Park Builders Supply (upstairs)

Barnes and Noble in Idaho Falls

Harriman State Park, Island Park

Museum of Idaho

Valley Books, Jackson Wyoming

Avocet Corner Bookstore, Bear River National Wildlife Refuge, Brigham City, Utah

Craters of the Moon National Monument Bookstore, Arco, Idaho