How often does a Blue Moon occur? The answer is, it depends.
Sigh. Every time I find a topic that I believe will be straightforward, easy to write and actually be profitable for a change, quick research proves me wrong. That is certainly the case with the Blue Moon, a phenomenon scheduled to appear Saturday, March 31st.
The definition of a Blue Moon as often accepted in common lore, is the second full moon within a given calendar month. The first full moon this month occurred on March 1st, so by this definition, the full moon on March 31st is a blue moon and in this case, February got the short stick again as it had no full moon.
Unfortunately, that definition came about from an error published in 1946 in the magazine, Sky & Telescope, and was just an author’s way of simplifying things.
The other, more traditional definition of a Blue Moon is based on seasons. Each of the four seasons, as defined by the equinoxes, normally has three full moon sequences. However, our calendar isn’t perfectly aligned with the lunar and solar cycles. For instance, leap year, the adding of a day to February every four years, is an attempt to catch us up with the solar cycle that is 365.24 days, not 365.00 days long.
In the case of the moon, one lunation (lunar cycle) is 29.53 days long, yielding about 12.37 lunations in a year, giving us slightly more than one lunar cycle per month and a calendar year with about 11 days more than the 12 lunar cycles can account for. Like leap year, this time adds up and must be balanced like an accountant’s books. So, every 2-3 years, seven times in 19 years, there is an extra moon in one of the seasons.
It would be simple to assume that the Blue Moon would be the fourth full moon in a given season, but that is not the case. In folklore, each of the 12 full moons has a name. The Farmer’s Almanac suggests the following names for the March full moon: "Worm Moon", "Crow Moon", "Sap Moon", "Lenten Moon". In order to not mess with such an important naming system, the Blue Moon is actually the third full moon so the last moon can continue to be called its folklore name.
Don’t expect the Blue Moon to actually be blue though. While the origin of the name, Blue Moon is unclear, if you are talking about a moon that actually appears to have a bluish cast, that is far more rare (total lunar eclipses are more common), totally unpredictable and may occur at any moon phase. Truly blue moons are caused by smoke or dust in the air. For instance, when the volcano, Krakatoa, erupted in 1883, the subsequent cloud of ash caused the moon to appear blue for nearly two years.
Does it really matter? Like so many natural phenomena, which definition we assign to a Blue Moon won’t change our lives. It does change when a Blue Moon will appear. Just in case you want to propose to your sweetheart under a Blue Moon, by the calendar method the next Blue Moon will occur on October 31st, 2020. If you are a stickler for facts, then the next seasonal Blue Moon will occur on May 18, 2019.
Saying that something is as rare as a Blue Moon means it is uncommon. Double Blue Moons, such as this year (January 2018 also had two full moons) are even more uncommon and happen only 3-5 times in 100 years. You will have to hang on until 2037 for it to happen again.
Donate part of your tax return to support wildlife in Idaho!
On the second page of the Idaho Individual Tax form 40 you have the opportunity to donate to the “Nongame Wildlife Conservation Fund”.
Check-off this box on your next return or ask your tax preparer to mark the Nongame check-off on your behalf.
If you are not from Idaho, check with your own state wildlife agency about how you can help. Many states have a similar program.
Help Idaho Wildlife
Sadly, when we traveled across the state in October, most of the vehicles we saw using the wildlife management areas did not have wildlife plates.
C'mon folks, let's help Idaho's wildlife by proudly buying and displaying a wildlife license plate on each of our vehicles!
See below for information on Idaho plates. Most states have wildlife plates so if you live outside Idaho, check with your state's wildlife department or vehicle licensing division for availability of state wildlife plates where you live.
Wildlife License Plates
Idaho Wildlife license plates provide essential funding that benefits the great diversity of native plants and wildlife that are not hunted, fished or trapped—over 10,000 species or 98% of Idaho’s species diversity. Game species that share the same habitats (such as elk, deer, antelope, sage-grouse, salmon, trout) also benefit from these specialty plates.
No state tax dollars are provided for wildlife diversity, conservation education and recreation programs. Neither are any revenues from the sale of hunting or fishing licenses spent on nongame species. Instead, these species depend on direct donations, federal grants, fundraising initiatives—and the Idaho Wildlife license plates.
Both my vehicles have Bluebird Plates. I prefer the bluebird because the nongame program gets 70 percent of the money from bluebird plates, but only 60 percent of the money from elk and trout plates - 10 percent of the money from elk plates supports wildlife disease monitoring and testing programs (to benefit the livestock industry) and 10 percent from cutthroat plates supports non-motorized boat access.
Incidentally, in 2014, the Idaho Legislature denied the Department of Fish and Game the ability to add new plates or even to change the name of the elk and cutthroat plates (very specific) to wildlife and fish plates, a move that would have allowed for changing images occasionally and generating more revenue. It would seem that they believe that we Idahoans don't want a well funded wildlife program. Go figure.
"WOW. What a phenomenal piece you wrote. You are amazing." Jennifer Jackson
That is embarrassing but actually a fairly typical response to my nature essays. Since The Best of Nature is created from the very best of 16 years of these nature essays published weekly in the Idaho Falls Post Register (online readership 70,000), it is a fine read. It covers a wide variety of topics including humorous glimpses of nature, philosophy, natural history, and conservation. Readers praise the style, breadth of subject matter and my ability to communicate complex and emotional topics in a relaxed and understandable manner.
Everyone can find something to love in this book. From teenagers to octogenarians, from the coffee shop to the school room, these nature essays are widely read and enjoyed.
Some of the essays here are my personal favorites, others seemed to strike a chord with readers. Most have an important message or lesson that will resonate with you. They are written with a goal to simultaneously entertain and educate about the wonderful workings of nature. Some will make you laugh out loud and others will bring a tear to the eye and warm your heart.
"You hit a home run with your article on, Big Questions in Nature. It should be required reading for everyone who has lost touch with nature...great job!" Joe Chapman
"We enjoyed your column, Bloom Where Planted. Some of the best writing yet. The Post Register is fortunate to have your weekly columns." Lou Griffin.
To read more and to order a copy, click here or get the Kindle version
Copies are also available at:
Barnes and Noble in Idaho Falls
Perfect Light Photo Supply
Museum of Idaho
Valley Books, Jackson Wyoming
Avocet Corner Bookstore, Bear River National Wildlife Refuge, Brigham City, Utah
Craters of the Moon National Monument Bookstore, Arco, Idaho