Nest Box Time

    This female saw-whet owl checks out the neighborhood from her very own nest box. Many birds use nest boxes because they mimic natural cavities which can be hard to find. You can find designs for nest boxes at:

I saw my first mountain bluebird of the year on Menan Butte last Saturday. With an early spring on the way, if you hope to attract nesting birds to your backyard, you need to get moving.

Creating backyard nesting habitat is a long term project that requires planting trees and shrubs and adding diversity then waiting for it all to grow. However, you can easily add nest boxes that may attract nesting pairs within one or two seasons. However, it is not a matter of haphazardly placing any kind of  box in any random location. Birds are a little more sophisticated than that.

Birds attempting to nest in manmade boxes face four enemies: predators, heat, nest pests and competitors.  Follow the steps here to avoid these nest killers.

First, build the right-sized box of thick untreated wood. Different bird species have different requirements. Of prime importance is hole size. The general rule is use the smallest hole possible for the birds you are trying to attract. For instance, mountain bluebirds need a hole diameter of 1 9/16 inch while mountain chickadees only need a hole of 1 1/8 inches. A box for a saw-whet or screech owl will require a 3 inch hole.

Every box should have three other features: drainage holes in the corners of a bottom that is recessed up a quarter inch, ventilation at the top to reduce heat buildup and a side that will swing out to allow for easy annual cleaning.

Build a ladder to help fledglings get out by cutting horizontal grooves beneath the hole on the inside.

Bird houses don’t need a perch beneath the entrance hole. In fact, a perch actually helps predators, such as cats and squirrels, gain access to the eggs and young. Bird homes don’t need paint either. If you must paint them, paint only the outside and use lighter colors to reduce heat buildup.

Like with all real estate, after finding the right house, the rest of the equation is location, location, location.  Place your bird houses facing north or east to reduce undue heating by the sun. Competition can be high for these boxes, especially if there are house sparrows around (and where aren’t there house sparrows?) so place the boxes as far from your feeders as you can.

Choose the location carefully to help deter predators. If predators can climb up to or down onto a nest box, you may need to install baffles or other predator deterrents.

Beyond that, different species prefer different locations. Swallows and bluebirds prefer nest boxes in open habitat while wrens like a more secluded home. You will need to study up on your birds to determine the best location for boxes.

While you may not get more than one pair of a particular species to nest in your garden, you can certainly encourage multiple species by placing boxes with the right dimensions throughout your yard. Increase your chances by encouraging your neighbors to do the same.

Finally, once you have renters occupying your boxes, join in the scientific effort to monitor nesting success by signing up for Cornell Lab’s


Wildlife License Plates

Idaho Wildlife license plates provide essential funding that benefits the great diversity of native plants and wildlife that are not hunted, fished or trapped—over 10,000 species or 98% of Idaho’s species diversity. Game species that share the same habitats (such as elk, deer, antelope, sage-grouse, salmon, trout) also benefit from these specialty plates.

No state tax dollars are provided for wildlife diversity, conservation education and recreation programs. Neither are any revenues from the sale of hunting or fishing licenses spent on nongame species. Instead, these species depend on direct donations, federal grants, fundraising initiatives—and the Idaho Wildlife license plates.

Both my vehicles have Bluebird Plates. I prefer the bluebird because the nongame program gets 70 percent of the money from bluebird plates, but only 60 percent of the money from elk and trout plates - 10 percent of the money from elk plates supports wildlife disease monitoring and testing programs (to benefit the livestock industry) and 10 percent from cutthroat plates supports non-motorized boat access.

Incidentally, in 2014, the Idaho Legislature denied the Department of Fish and Game the ability to add new plates or even to change the name of the elk and cutthroat plates (very specific) to wildlife and fish plates, a move that would have allowed for changing images occasionally and generating more revenue. It would seem that they believe that we Idahoans don't want a well funded wildlife program.

I think it is time we let the Legislature know that Idahoan support wildlife funding and that we would like to see these generic plates come to fruition.

TAX DAY is coming! Here is a chance to do something good with a bit of your tax return and make the day less painful.

Donate part of your tax return to support wildlife in Idaho!

On the second page of the Idaho Individual Tax form 40 you have the opportunity to donate to the “Nongame Wildlife Conservation Fund”.

Check-off this box on your next return or ask your tax preparer to mark the Nongame check-off on your behalf. You can donate any amount you wish, it all helps to support the wildlife you love.

If you are not from Idaho, check with your own state wildlife agency about how you can help. Many states have a similar program.

"WOW. What a phenomenal piece you wrote. You are amazing." Jennifer Jackson

That is embarrassing, but actually a fairly typical response to my nature essays. Since The Best of Nature is created from the very best of 16 years of these nature essays published weekly in the Idaho Falls Post Register (online readership 70,000), it is a fine read. It covers a wide variety of topics including humorous glimpses of nature, philosophy, natural history, and conservation. Readers praise the style, breadth of subject matter and my ability to communicate complex and emotional topics in a relaxed and understandable manner.

Everyone can find something to love in this book. From teenagers to octogenarians, from the coffee shop to the school room, these nature essays are widely read and enjoyed.

Some of the essays here are my personal favorites, others seemed to strike a chord with readers. Most have an important message or lesson that will resonate with you. They are written with a goal to simultaneously entertain and educate about the wonderful workings of nature. Some will make you laugh out loud and others will bring a tear to the eye and warm your heart.

Readers Write:

"You hit a home run with your article on, Big Questions in Nature. It should be required reading for everyone who has lost touch with nature...great job!" Joe Chapman

"We enjoyed your column, Bloom Where Planted. Some of the best writing yet. The Post Register is fortunate to have your weekly columns." Lou Griffin.

To read more and to order a copy, click here or get the Kindle version 


Copies are also available at:

Post Register

Island Park Builders Supply (upstairs)

Barnes and Noble in Idaho Falls

Harriman State Park, Island Park

Museum of Idaho

Valley Books, Jackson Wyoming

Avocet Corner Bookstore, Bear River National Wildlife Refuge, Brigham City, Utah

Craters of the Moon National Monument Bookstore, Arco, Idaho