Gray partridges do not migrate when winter assails them. They are well adapted to winter’s harshness.
Winter is usually hard on wildlife. Bitter cold weather drives a need for more calories, often a lot more. Calories can be hard to find though—lakes, ponds and even rivers freeze and snow often covers everything else. Many animals can cope with the cold but cannot find enough food. They either migrate to where food is still abundant or hibernate the winter months away.
One of a trio of upland gamebird imports in our area (pheasant and chukars being the other two), the gray partridge does neither. This tough little bird evolved on the steppes and hills of Eurasia, learning to find food despite the snow and coping with severe winter weather
Once called the Hungarian partridge or Hun, the gray partridge doesn’t need a lot of habitat to survive. I recently saw a wintertime flock west of Osgood. Once an area known for pheasant hunting, advancing farming technology replaced small fields surrounded by ditch banks, fencerows and low spots with huge circle pivots. The formerly abundant pheasants could no longer make a living there but the gray partridge has held on.
Gray partridges are small chicken-like birds with males and females similar in appearance. They seldom weigh in at a pound and sport rounded wings with a wingspan of only about 20-22 inches. They have short necks and tails and are gray-brown on the back and chest with barred sides. Their face and throat are red-brown and bill and legs are gray. There is a rusty red upside down U-shaped belly patch.
These are very social birds and if you see one, you are likely to see up to a dozen or more.
Gray partridges are also ground dwelling birds preferring grasslands and shrubs to trees. They nest and forage for seeds on the ground. They are good runners and seldom fly very far unless disturbed. When they fly though, they are like little missiles, flying strong and fast. They tend to flush as a group too, producing a whirring/buzzing sound that is distinctive.
Gray partridges survive, in part, because they are the champions of the bird world in the number of eggs they lay. The average clutch size is 16-18 eggs, but they may have as many as 22. That is incredible production, but many don’t survive to adulthood.
You will find gray partridge throughout most of Idaho in grassland and shrub habitats. However, they are usually also tied to some type of agriculture, most often small grain production. So long as there is at least some cover around—canal banks, railroad tracks, sagebrush or even weedy field corners, at least a few gray partridges are likely to make it their home.
Changes in farming practices, urban sprawl and other habitat changes have combined to reduce the number of gray partridge across the country. Some people worry that further declines may lead to a proposal to list the bird as threatened. However, that cannot happen because, being an introduced species, it is not protected under the Endangered Species Act which is reserved for native species.
While most of our birds are sitting out winter in the balmy weather of Arizona, New Mexico and even Central America, you can still enjoy watching the winter antics of the resilient gray partridge.
Donate part of your tax return to support wildlife in Idaho!
On the second page of the Idaho Individual Tax form 40 you have the opportunity to donate to the “Nongame Wildlife Conservation Fund”.
Check-off this box on your next return or ask your tax preparer to mark the Nongame check-off on your behalf.
If you are not from Idaho, check with your own state wildlife agency about how you can help. Many states have a similar program.
Help Idaho Wildlife
When we traveled across the state in October, most of the vehicles we saw using the wildlife management areas did not have wildlife plates.
C'mon folks, let's help Idaho's wildlife by proudly buying and displaying a wildlife license plate on each of our vehicles!
See below for information on Idaho plates. Most states have wildlife plates so if you live outside Idaho, check with your state's wildlife department or vehicle licensing division for availability of state wildlife plates where you live.
Wildlife License Plates
Idaho Wildlife license plates provide essential funding that benefits the great diversity of native plants and wildlife that are not hunted, fished or trapped—over 10,000 species or 98% of Idaho’s species diversity. Game species that share the same habitats (such as elk, deer, antelope, sage-grouse, salmon, trout) also benefit from these specialty plates.
No state tax dollars are provided for wildlife diversity, conservation education and recreation programs. Neither are any revenues from the sale of hunting or fishing licenses spent on nongame species. Instead, these species depend on direct donations, federal grants, fundraising initiatives—and the Idaho Wildlife license plates.
Both my vehicles have Bluebird Plates. I prefer the bluebird because the nongame program gets 70 percent of the money from bluebird plates, but only 60 percent of the money from elk and trout plates - 10 percent of the money from elk plates supports wildlife disease monitoring and testing programs (to benefit the livestock industry) and 10 percent from cutthroat plates supports non-motorized boat access.
Incidentally, in 2014, the Idaho Legislature denied the Department of Fish and Game the ability to add new plates or even to change the name of the elk and cutthroat plates (very specific) to wildlife and fish plates, a move that would have allowed for changing images occasionally and generating more revenue. It would seem that they believe that we Idahoans don't want a well funded wildlife program. Go figure.
"WOW. What a phenomenal piece you wrote. You are amazing." Jennifer Jackson
That is embarrassing but actually a fairly typical response to my nature essays. Since The Best of Nature is created from the very best of 16 years of these nature essays published weekly in the Idaho Falls Post Register (online readership 70,000), it is a fine read. It covers a wide variety of topics including humorous glimpses of nature, philosophy, natural history, and conservation. Readers praise the style, breadth of subject matter and my ability to communicate complex and emotional topics in a relaxed and understandable manner.
Everyone can find something to love in this book. From teenagers to octogenarians, from the coffee shop to the school room, these nature essays are widely read and enjoyed.
Some of the essays here are my personal favorites, others seemed to strike a chord with readers. Most have an important message or lesson that will resonate with you. They are written with a goal to simultaneously entertain and educate about the wonderful workings of nature. Some will make you laugh out loud and others will bring a tear to the eye and warm your heart.
"You hit a home run with your article on, Big Questions in Nature. It should be required reading for everyone who has lost touch with nature...great job!" Joe Chapman
"We enjoyed your column, Bloom Where Planted. Some of the best writing yet. The Post Register is fortunate to have your weekly columns." Lou Griffin.
To read more and to order a copy, click here or get the Kindle version
Copies are also available at:
Barnes and Noble in Idaho Falls
Perfect Light Photo Supply
Museum of Idaho
Valley Books, Jackson Wyoming
Avocet Corner Bookstore, Bear River National Wildlife Refuge, Brigham City, Utah
Craters of the Moon National Monument Bookstore, Arco, Idaho